The most common type of violent crime is murder. Whether murder is self-inflicted, homicidal, or accidental, murder rates around Africa vary significantly by country. Several factors contribute to murder rates and overall crime rates. These include the wealth of a nation, effective law enforcement, strict weapons regulations, severity of punishments for committing murder, and more. Some drivers of homicide are organized crime, gender stereotypes, inequality, unemployment, political instability, firearms, and drugs.
By identifying these, countries can adopt policies that will indirectly help reduce their homicide rates. Since the start of the twenty-first century, organized crime has resulted in roughly the same number of killings as all armed conflicts across the world combined. Countries with high firearm rates tend to have higher intentional homicide rates. There are a number of countries in Africa, however, that have exceptionally low homicide rates.
Here are the top 10 countries with the lowest murder rates in Africa.
Murder rates per 100,000 people